After more than two years of planning, the Ishaqbini hirola sanctuary in Kenya has now been successfully established with a founder population of 48 hirola, the world’s most endangered antelope. 2.740 hectares were provided by local communities for the purpose. The hirola (Beatragus hunteri; Sclater, 1889) is currently classified as critically endangered by IUCN. The population suffered a 90% decline in the 1980’s and is the most threatened species of monotypic antelope on earth. It is the only extant member of its genus and its extinction would be the first loss of an entire mammalian genus in Africa since the evolution of modern man. The global hirola population is estimated at only 501 individuals. These individuals exist in two subpopulations: a natural population of 434 on the Kenya- Somali border and a translocated population of 67 in Tsavo East National Park, Kenya.
Source: Gnusletter, Vol. 31, No. 1, May 2013, IUCN Antelope Specialist Group.
See also: Ishaqbini Hirola Community Conservancy